As the name implies, the ship will feature an amphibious assault combination of helicopters and landing craft launched from a well deck. The design includes Command and Control facilities. The ship is expected to be launched in 2019 and enter service in 2020.
The Type 075 is reported to be around 40,000 tons, 820 ft long, and capable of carrying 30 helos with six operating spots (2). The ship, as described, is very similar in size and capability to the US Wasp class LHD-1 which is 843 ft long and can carry around three dozen helos and Harriers in various combinations along with three LCACs and 1900 troops. One key difference is that the Chinese do not, as of yet, have a Harrier/F-35B STOVL or MV-22 type aircraft in operation. Unconfirmed reports, however, suggest that they are developing such aircraft and, given the demonstrated speed of their military development programs, should have the capability within five years.
Wiki reports that armament is limited to a pair of short range HQ-10 SAMs and a pair of point defense CIWS.
|Type 075 LHD|
The LHD will complement the Type 071 Landing Platform Dock (LPD) amphibious ships which are analogous to the US San Antonio class LPD-17. The combination will provide the Chinese with a very credible amphibious assault capability.
This begs the question, why is this ship needed? Here’s the official Chinese answer.
South China Morning Post reported earlier this
month, citing military sources, that the navy planned to increase the size of
its marine corps from about 20,000 to 100,000 personnel to help protect its
increasing interests overseas.” (1)
Okay, that states the obvious that more ships are needed to carry more marines but it doesn’t say why a large amphibious assault force is needed to begin with. This is simply more evidence that
gearing up for a major war. This kind of
ship is not defensive in nature. China is
preparing for major offensive amphibious operations. While the obvious targets are China and
neighboring countries, Taiwan
may also be planning amphibious operations in China Africa
and other world wide locations. As I’ve
has aspirations of global domination. China
In any event, this ship class provides a significant increase in vertical assault capability and mobile, close air support for ground troops. Such capabilities can be especially useful in intimidation actions by the military aimed at neighbors such as
is engaged in a military arms race whether they want to be or not and, while
still ahead, are losing ground rapidly. US
(1)South China Morning Post website, “http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2083109/china-building-navys-biggest-amphibious-assault-vessel
building navy’s biggest amphibious assault vessel, sources say”, Minnie Chan, China 30-Mar-2017,
(2)The National Interest website, “http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/chinas-new-amphibious-assault-ship-big-waste-time-19961
New Amphibious Assault Ship: A Big Waste of Time?”, Dave Majumdar, China 31-Mar-2017,